European Projects


Understanding Chage, Mass and Heat Transfer in Fuel Cells for Transport Applications 
The FCH 2 JU funded CAMELOT project brings together highly experienced research institutes, universities, fuel cell membrane electrode assembly suppliers and transport OEMs to improve understanding of the limitations in fuel cell electrodes. This will enable the partners to provide guidance on the next generation of MEAs required to achieve 2024 performance targets.


Critical Raw material ElectrocatalystS replaCement ENabling Designed pOst-2020 PEMFC 
CRESCENDO is a FCH JU European project involving two large industrial partners, an SME, and five universities / research institutes in an ambitious proposal that will require critical mass, pooled complementary skills and competences to reach its goals. CRESCENDO has the specific objective of developing highly active and long-term stable electrocatalysts of non-PGM catalysts for the PEMFC cathode and the re-design of the cathode catalyst layer on which very little systematic research has been done to date, so as to reach the project target power density of 0.42 W/cm2 at 0.7 V initially in small and ultimately full-size single cells. It also intends to develop non-PGM or ultra-low PGM anode catalysts with greater tolerance to CO and H2S impurities than current low Pt loaded anodes. The project builds on previous achievements in non-PGM catalyst development within all of the university and research organisation project partners. It benefits from the unrivalled know-how in catalyst layer development at JMFC and the overarching expertise at BMW in cell and stack testing and in guiding the materials development to align with systems requirements.


next Generation AutomotIve membrane electrode Assemblies
GAIA a FCH2 JU funded project, aims to developing a high performance automotive MEA that provides the materials and designs that satisfy the cost target by providing high power density at high current density, while also attaining the other essential objectives of durability, reliability and high operation temperature. Its intention is to:

    • Realise the potential of these components in next generation MEAs showing a step-change in performance that will largely surpass the state of the art by delivering a beginning of life power density of 1.8 W/cm2 at 0.6 V;
    • Validate the MEA performance and durability in full size cell short stacks, with durability tests of 1,000 h with extrapolation to 6,000 h;
    • Provide a cost assessment study that demonstrates that the MEAs can achieve the cost target of 6 €/kW for an annual production rate of 1 million square metres.

GAIA will develop and bring together advanced critical PEM fuel cell components. These components will be integrated into a fuel cell that is capable of delivering on the most challenging of the performance, cost and durability targets required for large-scale automotive fuel cell commercialisation. New designs, architectures, constructions and deposition methods will be used at the level of the components and at the level of their integration in the catalyst layer, where novel constructions and coating methods will be used. While some of the materials and components are early developments with the technology concept formulated, the majority have already been proven experimentally. These components will be further advanced, optimised and integrated into next generation automotive MEAs to demonstrate the application of the technology.

H2Haul -

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Trucks for Heavy Duty Zero Emissions Logistics  
H2Haul is a project co-financed by the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU). It aims to develop and deploy 16 zero-emission fuel cell trucks at four sites. In addition, new high-capacity hydrogen refuelling stations will be installed to provide reliable, low carbon hydrogen supplies to the trucks.  The project began in 2019 and will run for five years. The scope and ambition of this innovative project will create a range of valuable information that will be widely disseminated to truck operators, retail sector representatives, policy makers and the hydrogen industry. H2Haul will therefore validate the ability of hydrogen fuel cell trucks to provide zero-emission mobility in heavy-duty applications and will lay the foundation for the commercialisation of this sector in Europe during the 2020s.


GRid ASSisting Modular HydrOgen Pem PowER Plant 
Grasshopper is, in its nature, an innovation project. It aims to make Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology affordable and attractive for potential consumers and markets. So the focus is not on basic science, but rather on the development of reliable and affordable products ready to be introduced in the market. For that objective, the Grasshopper Project presents several technological advances that have been made at many different levels, from individual components to the whole system. The second phase of the project test these developments on the 100kW pilot plant. Allowing for a further optimized design at a greater scale. In order to take the Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power plants to their next level both in functionalities and market accessibility, the pilot plant also aims to demonstrate the flexibility of this technology. Specifically on the electrical market by providing grid support.


Integration of Novel Stack Components for Performance, Improved DuRability and LowEr Cost 
INSPIRE is a three-year research and development project supported by a grant of €7.0 million from Europe’s Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), under Grant Agreement Number 700127, a unique public-private partnership supporting research, technological development and demonstration in the fuel cell and hydrogen energy sectors in Europe. This industry-led project has an overall aim of bringing together the most advanced critical PEMFC stack components existing today and integrating these into a fuel cell that is capable of delivering on the most challenging of the performance, durability and cost targets required for large-scale automotive fuel cell commercialisation. The components have already been consistently demonstrated in the laboratory and are being further developed, scaled and integrated into an advanced generation automotive fuel cell stack to demonstrate the application of the technology in an industrially-relevant environment. Consortium members include fuel cell component suppliers, academic institutions and car manufacturer BMW Group.


Mass Manufacture of MEAs Using High Speed Deposition Processes
The MAMA-MEA project highlights:

    • Developing a novel continuous process for PEM fuel cell sealed CCM manufacture based on sequential deposition of key component layers – an “additive layer” CCM deposition process.
    • Identification, assessment and integration of mature deposition techniques (already) employed in thin-film layered devices outside the fuel cells industry.
    • Establishing the capability of the process for a step-change increase in manufacturing output by greater than 10 times compared to state-of-the-art continuous manufacturing.
    • Validation of sealed CCMs in a stationary application fuel cell stack.
    • Increased competitiveness of European fuel cell industry as a consequence of the project results.


VOLUme Manufacturing of PEMFC Stacks for TRansportation and In-Line Quality Assurance 
VOLUMETRIQ is a Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Undertaking project funded under the call FCH-01.2-2014 on Cell and stack components, stack and system manufacturing technologies and quality assurance. It will demonstrate operational OEM stack performance requirements for ElringKlinger’s automotive PEM fuel cell platform, with production readiness via validated volume capable manufacturing processes and quality control systems for both automotive fuel cell stack platform, and for major constituent cell components.  Stack components will be manufactured, involving improvement of existing methods and enhancement through automated manufacturing processes and tests to achieve robust volume yield and cost delivery.
The project will validate a complete “at scale” stack production package which will be overseen by the automotive OEMs, BMW and Daimler


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